on Asia-Pacific Forum for Library and Achives Management
Bangalore, India, UTC- June 18, 2004
Origin of Khmer
The original Khmer tribes were closely related to
the Mon tribe.
The Khmer tribes gradually left their inhospitable
places in eastern Tibet and southern Yunnan and descended
into the Mekong valley and delta.
The development of Neolithic and early Bronze-iron
cultures was in areas which later became Cambodia.
The Origin of Khmer
With the later unification of the old kingdom of Funan,
situated on the southern coast-line, with Chenla in
the north, the people of these two states merged.
They formed the great Cambodian family.
The Cambodian Country became a strong center of very
early civilization in South-East Asia. It was a civilization
essentially based on ancient Indian culture and philosophy.
Indian learning and culture were adopted for administration,
law, commerce, religions, architecture and language.
However, the inherent values of the original people
were not discarded.
Angkor Wat is real evidence of indianization.
of Indian culture were absorbed or chosen by the Cambodian
people in a process that lasted for more than a thousand
years. For example, in the nineteenth century Cambodian
peasants still wore recognizably Indian costumes,
and in many ways behaved more like Indians than like
their closest neighbors, the Vietnamese.
Management in the Hand of France
Archives Management belong to Cambodia 1953-1975
He attempted to create an agrarian utopia. A utopia
without money or property. He initiated Cambodia's
destruction by abolishing schools, religion, and family
life - murdering those he thought were a threat. These
included the educated, artists, technicians, former
government officials, monks, and tribal minority groups.
Archives Management in the hand of Vietnam & Russia
Paris Peace Accord (1991)
The UN brought the 4 fighting factions together to
talk about peace and set up the framework for the
Building Up Stage (1993- now)
Archives Management since 1993 until Now
Catholic Missions to Cambodia
In 1515 the Khmer king Ang Chan the First contacted
the Portuguese in order to obtain weapons to fight
the Siamese army.
da Cruz could not have any converter because of the
deep foundation of Ankor culture. He left Cambodia
in 1557 for China.
The kings and their people hardly changed their attitude
King Satha II reportedly asked Father Rist to baptize
him but only on his deathbed, in 1736, fearing that
his conversion to Christianity would cause a revolution
in his kingdom. He might be afraid losing his throne.
The Christian & Missionary Alliance (CMA) denomination
entered in Cambodia in 1923 as the first Evangelical
Missionaries since the Nestorian church.
Bible translation was completed in 1934 (NT) and 1940
(OT). It was translated straightly from the KJV English
to the Khmer language at the time.
Classification - Dewey System
Database - Microsoft Access
More than 3,000 books for English
More than 500 books for Khmer
Developing resources on CD-Rom, CD-Video, audio CD,
Video tape and audio - cassettes
A full time librarian assistant
Currently seeking accreditation with ATESEA &
Computer laboratory for students so they can type
assignments in Khmer.
Providing a suitable means of categorizing Khmer books
Expanding current building to accommodate growth of
book collections & student body.
Improve library database
Sen Libraryof the Royal University of Phnom Penh
Prime Minister Hun Sen
Opening on 7 January 1997 by Prime Minister Hun Sen.
Serving the students and faculty members doing their
Serving broader community and public.
Every academic year, the library provides a Library
Orientation Program to the first year students on
“Using Library Resource”.
Use ALEPH-500 Software installation, (generous donation
of Ex- Libris Company in Israel in 1999).
IV. Library Resources
Stock of 45,000 books
62% English , 22% Khmer , 15% French,1% Japanese,
Vietnamese, Chinese and Thai.
an extensive reference collection and a comprehensive
loan collection .
270 serial titles including 47 regular titles .
a small video, audio-visual Cassette, CD-ROM Collections.
Internet, E-mail, & Photocopy Service.
To develop the technical knowledge of the librarians.
Finding support for development of library (within
and outside Cambodia).
Request to the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports
for construction of a new library building.